Jim Wood

Courses

Term: Fall 2021

LING 101 - Introduction to English Words

Where do the words of English come from, and where do they go? When do words stick around, and when do they fade? What is the difference between informal speech and slang? This course introduces students to the study of language through the lens of English word structure, with occasional glances at the structure of words in other languages of the world. We study different ways of forming new words from prefixes and suffixes, as well from compounding, blending, and other more exotic processes. We study the sound structure of words and how they are used in sentences. We study what happens when English adopts words from other languages, and when English words are used in other languages, and how words change their sound, shape, and meaning over time. Finally, we discuss the different ‘effects’ that different words might have in conversation, and the issues that word choice raises in society at large. 

1 credit for Yale College students

Term: Fall 2021
Day/Time: Tuesday & Thursday, 1:00p - 2:15p

LING 379/779 - Syntax-Morphology Interface

Syntax and morphology are intertwined in many fascinating ways, and in fact, many current theories take the building of words, phrases, and sentences to involve the same mechanisms in the same modules of grammar. Whether this view is correct or not, there are many phenomena where the form of a word and the structure of a phrase or sentence interact in a way that deserves special attention. This seminar focuses on such phenomena. While there are many things that fall under the umbrella of this course (see possible term paper topics in syllabus), much of the class is devoted to cases where morphological syncretism makes a syntactic structure possible that otherwise would not be.

Prerequisite: LING 253. Either LING 280 or LING 254 would be a huge plus as well, but are not strictly necessary. Please contact the instructor if you have questions.

1 credit for Yale College students

Term: Fall 2021
Day/Time: Wednesday, 9:25 - 11:15a
Term: Spring 2022

LING 254/654 - Syntax II

This course continues the development of the “principles and parameters” approach to grammatical theory in Government-Binding theory and the Minimalist Program. We begin with a brief review of the architecture of syntactic theory, move on to an extended exploration of the mechanisms of dependency formation in syntax (including displacement, agreement, control, scope and anaphora), and conclude with a discussion of the nature of syntactic representation (constituency in double object constructions, the mapping between structure and thematic relations, the role of functional categories). Throughout, a major goal of the course is to engage in foundational issues by reading primary literature in syntax and applying theoretical concepts to novel data.

Prerequisite: LING 253.

1 credit for Yale College students
 
This course can be applied towards the following Yale College distributional requirements:
  • Social Sciences
  • Writing
Term: Spring 2022
Day/Time: Monday & Wednesday, 2:30p-3:45p

LING 491 - The Senior Essay

Research and writing of the senior essay under the guidance of a faculty adviser. Students present research related to their essays in a weekly colloquium.

Prerequisite: LING 490.

1 credit for Yale College students
Term: Spring 2022
Day/Time: Thursday, 9:25 - 11:15a